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Different types of scaffolding

Before we look into the different types of scaffolding, we need to first understand what it is. Scaffolding is the temporary structure used by construction workers to provide support and safe and easy access to unreachable areas. It’s necessary if the area to be accessed is more than 1.5m in height. It also provides a platform where building materials can be placed for ease of access by the workers. Scaffolding can be made from different materials with the common ones being bamboo ( in China ), steel, aluminium, and wood. Discussed below are some of the different types of scaffolding that can come in handy for your construction project.

Stairs made from scaffold
  1. Cantilever scaffolding
  2. Tube and clamp scaffolding
  3. Patented scaffolding
  4. Single scaffolding
  5. Double scaffolding
  6. Suspended scaffolding
  7. Trestle scaffolding
  8. Steel scaffolding
  9. Quickstage scaffolding
  10. Mast climbing scaffolding

1. Cantilever scaffolding

With this type, the scaffolding system is supported by several needles thus it’s also called needle scaffold. The two forms of cantilever scaffolding are single form scaffolding and double form scaffolding. The difference between the two is that for the single form scaffolding, the standards are supported by a chain of needles on the walls whereas, for the double form, the needles are strutted through openings in the floor.

2. Tube and clamp scaffolding

Also known as tubular scaffolding, this is one of the oldest types of scaffolding. Consisting of tubes and clips, the ease to assemble and disassemble is one of the reasons this type of scaffolding is common. Apart from providing a stable working platform, they’re also suitable for any irregular buildings since they can be made into any odd shape.

3. Patented scaffolding

These are ready-made scaffolding made from steel. The patented scaffolding is ready for usage upon purchase. The working platform which is arranged on brackets can be adjusted to a suitable height. They’re also easy to assemble and disassemble and are best suited for repairs or short-term projects.

4. Single scaffolding

Commonly used for brick masonry, the single scaffolding is also known as bricklayers scaffolding. It’s set parallel to a wall and consists of ledgers, standards, guards, putlogs, etc placed to provide a stable working platform.

5. Double scaffolding

Man working on scaffold

Also known as mason’s scaffolding/independent scaffolding, the double scaffolding is best suited for stone masonry projects where it’s challenging to make holes on the walls or you don’t want to interfere with the existing structure. Two rows of scaffolding are put up next to the building to provide adequate support to the putlogs creating a stable working platform.

6. Suspended scaffolding

Commonly used for repair works, the suspended scaffolding involves supporting the working surface from the roof using chains, ropes, etc. It’s especially suitable if the structure is tall since the platform can be raised or lowered to the required height.

7. Trestle scaffolding

man on trestle scaffold
Man working on trestle scaffold

Trestle scaffolding is best suited for indoor repair works where the height is under 5m. The working platform is supported on movable tripods or ladders where the height can be adjusted accordingly.

8. Steel scaffolding

steel scaffold

With steel scaffolding, everything steel is used from the members, tubes to couplets. It’s the most preferred option for most high-rise structures because of its strength and durability.

9. Quickstage/Kwikstage scaffolding

The ease to assemble and dismantle the kwickstage scaffolding makes it a common option for both small and big construction projects. Made from galvanised steel, the interlocking scaffold system provides a safe and sturdy platform for construction work.

10. Mast climbing scaffolding

Mast climbing
Mast climbing installed on apartment

Best suited for the construction of a high-rise building, the mast climbing scaffolding is especially useful if there’s any heavy load to be carried. Apart from the ease it gives to access different heights for multi-storey structures, mast climbers also ideal if there’s limited ground area since the base structure doesn’t require much space. Once the mast structure is fixed to the ground, the scaffold can move up and down, making it somewhat similar to the suspended scaffolding.

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